Evaluation of the Abbott RealTime HCV genotype II plus RUO (PLUS) assay with reference to core and NS5B sequencing

Melanie A. Mallory, Danijela Lucic, Mark T.W. Ebbert, Gavin A. Cloherty, Dan Toolsie, David R. Hillyard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background HCV genotyping remains a critical tool for guiding initiation of therapy and selecting the most appropriate treatment regimen. Current commercial genotyping assays may have difficulty identifying 1a, 1b and genotype 6. Objective To evaluate the concordance for identifying 1a, 1b, and genotype 6 between two methods: the PLUS assay and core/NS5B sequencing. Study design This study included 236 plasma and serum samples previously genotyped by core/NS5B sequencing. Of these, 25 samples were also previously tested by the Abbott RealTime HCV GT II Research Use Only (RUO) assay and yielded ambiguous results. The remaining 211 samples were routine genotype 1 (n = 169) and genotype 6 (n = 42). Genotypes obtained from sequence data were determined using a laboratory-developed HCV sequence analysis tool and the NCBI non-redundant database. Results Agreement between the PLUS assay and core/NS5B sequencing for genotype 1 samples was 95.8% (162/169), with 96% (127/132) and 95% (35/37) agreement for 1a and 1b samples respectively. PLUS results agreed with core/NS5B sequencing for 83% (35/42) of unselected genotype 6 samples, with the remaining seven “not detected” by the PLUS assay. Among the 25 samples with ambiguous GT II results, 15 were concordant by PLUS and core/NS5B sequencing, nine were not detected by PLUS, and one sample had an internal control failure. Conclusions The PLUS assay is an automated method that identifies 1a, 1b and genotype 6 with good agreement with gold-standard core/NS5B sequencing and can aid in the resolution of certain genotype samples with ambiguous GT II results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • DNA sequencing
  • Genotyping
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Real-time PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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