Evidence-based treatments for trauma among culturally diverse foster care youth: Treatment retention and outcomes

Dana A. Weiner, Alison Schneider, John S. Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study describes the implementation of three evidence-based treatments addressing traumatic stress symptoms within a wraparound foster care program in Illinois. Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), and Structured Psychotherapy for Adolescents Responding to Chronic Stress (SPARCS) were implemented with a racially diverse sample of youth ages 3-18 at six agencies. Culturally sensitive adaptations were made to treatment approaches to improve client retention and outcomes. Data analyses revealed no racial differences in retention in the program and no differences in outcomes between minority youth exposed to the intervention and other participants. All three evidence-based treatments were effective in reducing symptoms and improving functioning among minority youth. Implementation issues, including challenges and culturally competent accommodations, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1199-1205
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services . The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of Jane Hastings, Tim Gawron, and Jamie Germain to the development and implementation of the EBT project and evaluation. The authors would also like to thank Bruce Briscoe for his assistance with data management and analysis.

Keywords

  • Cultural sensitivity
  • Evidence-based treatment
  • Foster care
  • Implementation
  • Minority youth
  • Racial differences
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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