Evidence for Cu ion formation by dissolution and dealloying the Al2CuMg intermetallic compound in rotating ring-disk collection experiments

R. G. Buchheit, M. A. Martinez, L. P. Montes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

258 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rotating ring-disk collection experiments and stripping voltammetry have been used to detect Cu ions generated by dissolution of the Al2CuMg intermetallic compound in aqueous chloride solutions. Cu ions are generated under open-circuit conditions (open-circuit potential -0.930 VSCE), or by slight anodic or cathodic polarization (±0.050 V from the open-circuit potential). In all cases, Cu ion generation occurs even though the electrode potential is hundreds of millivolts negative of the equilibrium potential, ECu. Results show that Cu ion generation is strongly dependent on the degree of solution aeration, indicating a role for Cu oxidants in the liberation process. Copper chloride-complex formation and local surface curvature effects can shift the Cu equilibrium potential in the active direction, but neither phenomenon appears to play a primary role in oxidation of Cu from the intermetallic compound. Rather, the results of this study support the notion that Cu ion generation involves (i) dealloying of the intermetallic compound, (ii) nonfaradaic liberation of mechanically and electrically isolated metallic Cu clusters by physical coarsening of the dealloyed particle, and (iii) oxidation of the electrically isolated Cu clusters. This Cu ion generation mechanism is believed to be a significant factor contributing to the poor corrosion resistance and poor conversion coating characteristics of Al2CuMg-bearing alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evidence for Cu ion formation by dissolution and dealloying the Al2CuMg intermetallic compound in rotating ring-disk collection experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this