Evidence Supporting Substrate Channeling between Domains of Human PAICS: A Time-Course Analysis of 13C-Bicarbonate Incorporation

Hyungjoo Shon, Elena A. Matveeva, Ella C. Jull, Yijia Hu, Tiffany A. Coupet, Young Sam Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Human phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase phosphoribosylaminoimdiazole succinocarboxamide synthetase (PAICS) is a dual activity enzyme catalyzing two consecutive reactions in de novo purine nucleotide synthesis. Crystallographic structures of recombinant human PAICS suggested the channeling of 4-carboxy-5-aminoimidazole-1-ribose-5′-phosphate (CAIR) between two active sites of PAICS, while a prior work of an avian PAICS suggested otherwise. Here, we present time-course mass spectrometric data supporting the channeling of CAIR between domains of recombinant human PAICS. Time-course mass spectral analysis showed that CAIR added to the bulk solution (CAIRbulk) is decarboxylated and re-carboxylated before the accumulation of succinyl-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-ribose-5′-phosphate (SAICAR). An experiment with 13C-bicarbonate showed that SAICAR production was proportional to re-carboxylated CAIR instead of total CAIR or CAIRbulk. This result indicates that the SAICAR synthase domain selectively uses enzyme-made CAIR over CAIRbulk, which is consistent with the channeling model. This channeling between PAICS domains may be a part of a larger channeling process in de novo purine nucleotide synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-582
Number of pages8
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by National Institute of Health (NIH) Grant R01CA168658 and Sidney Kimmel Foundation for Cancer Research Fellowship SKF-13-068 to Y.S.L. Y. H. was supported in part by the Johns Hopkins University Provost’s Undergraduate Research Award.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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