Examination of an interventionist-led HIV intervention among criminal justice-involved female prisoners

Jennifer R. Havens, Carl G. Leukefeld, Carrie B. Oser, Michele Staton-Tindall, Hannah K. Knudsen, Jennifer Mooney, Jamieson L. Duvall, Jennifer G. Clarke, Linda Frisman, Hilary L. Surratt, James A. Inciardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation, adherence and protocol fidelity for the Reducing Risky Relationships for HIV (RRR-HIV) study. The RRR-HIV study is a phase III trial of a randomized intervention to reduce human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors among incarcerated women in four US states: Connecticut, Delaware, Kentucky and Rhode Island. The intervention consists of five interventionist-led prison-based group sessions and a sixth individual community-based session. Data on adherence, implementation, acceptability and fidelity of the intervention were obtained from forms completed after the five prison-based sessions by both the interventionist and participant. Data from the sixth session were collected by the interventionist. Of the 363 women recruited to date, 173 (47.6%) have been randomly allocated to the experimental RRR intervention, of which implementation measures were available for 162 (93.6%). Almost three-quarters of women attended all five sessions, each of which lasted a median of 90 minutes, indicating successful implementation of the protocol across multiple study sites. Interventionists and participants alike reported that all of the topics for each session were discussed, suggesting adherence to the protocol. In addition, protocol interventionists indicated that more than 95% of the women were engaged/involved, interested, and understood the materials presented, indicating high levels of acceptability among the participants and fidelity to the intervention protocols. The majority of participants also answered all of the post-test questions correctly, which is another strong indicator of the fidelity to the intervention. Results suggest that the RRR-HIV study has been successfully implemented across multiple study sites. Adherence to the protocol, as well as protocol fidelity and acceptability, were also strong, which is essential to establish prior to examining outcome data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-272
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Experimental Criminology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was funded under a cooperative agreement from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA, U01-DA-016205). The authors gratefully acknowledge the collaborative contributions by federal staff from NIDA, members of the coordinating center (University of Maryland at College Park, Bureau of Governmental Research and Virginia Commonwealth University), and the nine research center grantees of the NIH/NIDA CJ-DATS cooperative (Brown University, Lifespan Hospital; Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services; National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Center for Therapeutic Community Research; National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Center for the Integration of Research and Practice; Texas Christian University, Institute of Behavioral Research; University of Delaware, Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies; University of Kentucky, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research; University of California at Los Angeles, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs; and University of Miami, Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse). The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIH/NIDA or other participants in CJ-DATS.


  • HIV
  • Intervention
  • Women offenders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Examination of an interventionist-led HIV intervention among criminal justice-involved female prisoners'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this