Examining physical literacy in young adults: psychometric properties of the PLAYself

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The PLAYself is a commonly utilized tool to assess physical literacy in child and adolescent populations. Currently, there are no measurement tools designed to examine physical literacy among adults. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychometric properties of PLAYself subsections in a sample of young adults. Two hundred forty-five young adults (ages 18–25) from the United States completed the PLAYself questionnaire. Multiple principal component analyses using pro-max rotation were utilized to assess the current factor structure of the PLAYself subsections. Each subsection was analyzed in-dependently to explore individual summary components. PLAYself subsections were assessed for reliability using Cronbach’s α, inter-item correlations, and item-total correlations. A multi-factor structure was identified for each PLAYself subsection. A 2-factor structure was identified for the Environment subsection accounting for 55.2% of the variance. A 2-factor structure was identified for the Physical Literacy Self-Description subsection accounting for 57.1% of the variance. A 3-factor structure was identified for the Relative Ranking of Literacies subsection accounting for 70.3% of the variance. The Environment, Physical Literacy Self-Description, and Relative Ranking of Literacies subsections demonstrated poor (α = 0.577), good (α = 0.89), and acceptable (α = 0.79) internal consistencies, respectively. The Physical Literacy Self-Description subsection demonstrated the best psychometric properties in our sample, and thus may be an appropriate tool to assess physical literacy in a young adult population until additional measurement tools are developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-932
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s).


  • adults
  • exercise
  • physical activity
  • physical literacy
  • principal component analysis
  • reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Examining physical literacy in young adults: psychometric properties of the PLAYself'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this