Firearm-related risks have often been overlooked in the sequela of substance use and substance use disorders. This study compares adult substance abuse disorder treatment (SADT) clients who experienced recent (n = 274) and lifetime (n = 889) firearm threats to adults who were not threatened with a firearm (n = 2029) before and 12 months after program entry. More men experienced firearm threats (38.8%) than women (34.2%). However, among those with any firearm threats, more women (27.2%) experienced firearm threats in the year before program entry than men (20.2%). Being threatened with a firearm was associated with increased economic vulnerability, criminal justice system involvement, mental health problems, and victimization both before and after SADT program entry. A higher number of adverse childhood experiences were associated with firearm threats and particularly recent firearm threats. Results of this study underscore the importance of screening for firearm-related risks in substance abuse disorder treatment programs.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Drug Issues|
|State||Published - Jul 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The data collected for this study was supported by the Kentucky Department for Behavioral Health, Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities, and Division of Behavioral Health.
© The Author(s) 2021.
- firearm-related risks
- gun violence
- substance abuse treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health