Examining Recovery Status and Supports before and after Substance Abuse Disorder Treatment Among Clients Who Experienced Lifetime and Recent Firearm-Related Threats

T. K. Logan, Jennifer Cole, Maggie Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Firearm-related risks have often been overlooked in the sequela of substance use and substance use disorders. This study compares adult substance abuse disorder treatment (SADT) clients who experienced recent (n = 274) and lifetime (n = 889) firearm threats to adults who were not threatened with a firearm (n = 2029) before and 12 months after program entry. More men experienced firearm threats (38.8%) than women (34.2%). However, among those with any firearm threats, more women (27.2%) experienced firearm threats in the year before program entry than men (20.2%). Being threatened with a firearm was associated with increased economic vulnerability, criminal justice system involvement, mental health problems, and victimization both before and after SADT program entry. A higher number of adverse childhood experiences were associated with firearm threats and particularly recent firearm threats. Results of this study underscore the importance of screening for firearm-related risks in substance abuse disorder treatment programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-328
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The data collected for this study was supported by the Kentucky Department for Behavioral Health, Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities, and Division of Behavioral Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

Keywords

  • firearm-related risks
  • gun violence
  • recovery
  • substance abuse treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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