Examining the prominence and congruence of organizational corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication in medical tourism provider websites

Alicia Mason, Elizabeth Spencer, Kaitlin Barnett, Jaquelyn Bouchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study examines the prominence and congruence or “fit” between corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities and medical tourism providers (MTPs). In doing so, this study seeks to understand the forms of CSR commonly used in the marketing of health-care services by international MTPs. Design/methodology/approach: Exploratory quantitative content analysis methods are used to examine CSR communication provided by MTPs. Descriptive statistics and analyses of variance are used to analyze the data. Findings: Results show that 22% of MTP websites provided CSR information. There was a high degree of congruence or “fit” between the MTPs and the CSR. Furthermore, each MTP averaged between three and six CSR engagements demonstrating a commitment to not only the practice of CSR but also the stakeholders and communities who benefit. Research limitations/implications: This analysis focused on organizational websites and did not examine CSR communications delivered through alternative media channels (e.g. digital platforms, promotional brochures, print advertising, etc.). Practical implications: This study adds to the CSR framework in the medical tourism context by discovering what forms of CSR are commonly used in the marketing and promotion of international health services and further analyzes the strategic communication techniques used to deliver these messages. Social implications: CSR is argued to have direct impacts on employee satisfaction, investor relations and consumer behavior; therefore, current findings may contribute to the development of measurement tools for empirical studies that test relationships between the persuasiveness of CSR messages on the attitudes of medical tourists. Originality/value: Research inquiries into the CSR strategic communication practices help to identify strengths and opportunities, while informing reputation management and relationship-building practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 20 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • CSR communication
  • Congruence
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
  • Health destination marketing
  • Medical tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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