Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Victimization, High-Risk Behaviors, and Health Among Criminal Justice-Involved Women

Tanya Renn, Seana Golder, George Higgins, T. K. Logan, Katherine M. Winham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of the pathways through which childhood victimization influences adult health outcomes. Specifically, measures of high-risk behaviors, tobacco use, alcohol use, illegal substance use, and HIV risk behaviors were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between childhood victimization and adult physical health. The sample consisted of 406 women on probation and parole with a history of childhood victimization in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between childhood victimization, high-risk behaviors, and physical health outcomes. The findings indicate partial mediation, with health risk behaviors accounting for 12.5% of the variance in the relationship between childhood victimization and health outcomes. Implications for policy and treatment practice in the health and criminal justice arena are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-121
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.

Keywords

  • childhood victimization
  • criminal justice
  • health
  • high-risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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