Experience using web-based shotgun measures for large-system characterization and improvement

Sam McLellan, Al Roesler, Zongming Fei, Savita Chandran, Clay Spinuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article discusses our experience in using a World Wide Web-based shotgun measurement approach for mining and characterizing large software systems. The approach recognizes that measurement information is essentially management information, that different levels and functions of the organizational hierarchy require different information to make decisions, and that a measurement program is typically a discovery process about an organization's current modes of operations. What we found was the usefulness of a measurement program that also allows managers to dynamically formulate new goals and get answers to questions not specifically related to original goals but raised nonetheless by metric data. We describe three specific cases of decisions that were made using this approach and data collected from one large system and accessed using the company's intranet over the past two years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-277
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998


  • Characterization
  • Goal/question/metric paradigm
  • Implementation experience
  • Improvement paradigm
  • Multidimensional view of measurement
  • Practical view of measurement
  • Process improvement
  • Software metrics, shotgun measures
  • Software mining
  • Software reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


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