Experimental Characterization of Shape Memory Alloys

Ali S. Turabi, Soheil Saedi, Sayed Mohammad Saghaian, Haluk E. Karaca, Mohammad H. Elahinia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Characterization of the microstructure and shape memory behavior of shape memory alloys (SMAs) is an essential part of understanding and modeling the behavior of these alloys. This chapter focuses on the methods and procedures to determine the shape memory properties. Transformation temperatures (TTs) are some of the most important shape memory properties. Shape memory properties are highly microstructure dependent, so it is crucial to determine the microstructural features of SMAs. The chapter discusses shape memory effect and superelasticity tests. It briefly introduces effects of aging, crystal structure, orientation, and cycling on the shape memory behavior. The chapter explains important parameters and methods for their measurement such as recoverable and irrecoverable strains, critical stress for transformation, and hysteresis of SMAs. It also discusses Vickers hardness test procedure, indentation methods, and microstructural characterization by the optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationShape Memory Alloy Actuators
Subtitle of host publicationDesign, Fabrication and Experimental Evaluation
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9781118426913
StatePublished - Nov 27 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Experimental characterization
  • Mechanical characterization
  • Microstructural analysis
  • Shape memory alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Materials Science (all)


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