Experimental measurements of the permeability of fibrous carbon at high-temperature

Francesco Panerai, Jason D. White, Thomas J. Cochell, Olivia M. Schroeder, Nagi N. Mansour, Michael J. Wright, Alexandre Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


A series of experiments was performed to obtain permeability data on FiberForm®, a commercial carbon preform used for manufacturing thermal protection systems. A porous sample was placed in a quartz flow-tube heated by an isothermal furnace. The setup was instrumented to measure mass flow through and pressure drop across the sample. The intrinsic permeability and the Klinkenberg correction, which accounts for rarefied effects, were computed from the experimental data. The role of the gas temperature and pressure on the effective permeability is shown, and it is demonstrated that with proper data reduction, the intrinsic permeability is strictly a function of the micro-structure of the material. A function for the effective permeability of FiberForm, dependent on temperature, pressure, pore geometry, and type of gas is proposed. The intrinsic permeability was evaluated at K0=5.57×10-11 m2, with a Klinkenberg parameter of 8c/dp=2.51×105 m-1 and a reference porosity of φ†=0.87.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support for this work was provided by NASA Award NNX14AI97G. The authors are grateful to J. Marschall for initiating this project and engaging in useful discussions, as well as to F.S. Milos and Y.-K. Chen for reviewing the manuscript and providing constructive comments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Permeability
  • Porous media
  • Thermal protection systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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