Exploring Autoencoder-based Error-bounded Compression for Scientific Data

Jinyang Liu, Sheng Di, Kai Zhao, Sian Jin, Dingwen Tao, Xin Liang, Zizhong Chen, Franck Cappello

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Error-bounded lossy compression is becoming an indispensable technique for the success of today's scientific projects with vast volumes of data produced during the simulations or instrument data acquisitions. Not only can it significantly reduce data size, but it also can control the compression errors based on user-specified error bounds. Autoencoder (AE) models have been widely used in image compression, but few AE-based compression approaches support error-bounding features, which are highly required by scientific applications. To address this issue, we explore using convolutional autoencoders to improve error-bounded lossy compression for scientific data, with the following three key contributions. (1) We provide an in-depth investigation of the characteristics of various autoencoder models and develop an error-bounded autoencoder-based framework in terms of the SZ model. (2) We optimize the compression quality for main stages in our designed AE-based error-bounded compression framework, fine-tuning the block sizes and latent sizes and also optimizing the compression efficiency of latent vectors. (3) We evaluate our proposed solution using five realworld scientific datasets and comparing them with six other related works. Experiments show that our solution exhibits a very competitive compression quality from among all the compressors in our tests. In absolute terms, it can obtain a much better compression quality (100%~800% improvement in compression ratio with the same data distortion) compared with SZ2.1 and ZFP in cases with a high compression ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, Cluster 2021
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781728196664
StatePublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, Cluster 2021 - Virtual, Portland, United States
Duration: Sep 7 2021Sep 10 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, ICCC
ISSN (Print)1552-5244


Conference2021 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, Cluster 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Portland

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by the Exascale Computing Project (ECP), Project Number: 17-SC-20-SC, a collaborative effort of two DOE organizations – the Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration, responsible for the planning and preparation of a capable exascale ecosystem, including software, applications, hardware, advanced system engineering and early testbed platforms, to support the nation’s exascale computing imperative. The material was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357, and supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant OAC-2003709 and OAC-2003624/2042084. We acknowledge the computing resources provided on Bebop (operated by Laboratory Computing Resource Center at Argonne) and on Theta and JLSE (operated by Argonne Leadership Computing Facility).

Publisher Copyright:
©2021 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing


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