Exploring cognitive apprenticeship and teaching practices in pharmacy education

Lana M. Minshew, Daniel T. Malone, Jeff Cain, Jacqueline E. McLaughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Health professions schools in the United States and internationally have engaged in curricular changes to better prepare students for the future of health care. However, designing or selecting evidence-based teaching activities can be a challenge. Research suggests the Cognitive Apprenticeship theory is an effective framework for the health professions to inform instruction design, yet these studies have mainly focused on the clinical setting and not the didactic learning environment. This study used qualitative methods to explore the Cognitive Apprenticeship framework in the didactic learning environment and the teaching practices that pharmacy faculty used to explicate their expert thinking to students. Faculty were observed using all four Cognitive Apprenticeship dimensions (ie, Content, Sequencing, Methods, Sociology) in their teaching practice. Patterns were observed in the data revealing complex, short and sometimes spontaneous teaching practices that faculty used to promote learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1111
Number of pages17
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


  • Cognitive apprenticeship
  • Pharmacy education
  • Qualitative research
  • Teaching practices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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