Exploring the causal relationship between Takayasu arteritis and inflammatory bowel disease using Mendelian randomization

Xiaoli Pang, Huizhong Yang, Chi Wang, Suyan Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Takayasu arteritis (TA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are two distinct diseases; however, previous studies have reported many cases of IBD-TA coexistence. Additionally, the incidence of IBD in patients with TA is estimated to be significantly higher than the incidence in the general population. Therefore, the two diseases are anticipated to be linked. Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis assesses whether an exposure might causally affect an outcome by using genetic variants inherited randomly at conception, thereby reducing the impact of confounding and reverse causality. The present study aimed to investigate the potential causal relationship between TA and IBD using MR analysis. Two-sample MR analysis, in which TA and IBD were regarded as the exposure and outcome, respectively, was conducted to investigate whether the two diseases are causally related using the R TwoSampleMR package. Summary GWAS data of TA consisted of 516 Turkish cohorts and 462 controls, and 119 patients and 993 controls of European ancestry. Summary data of IBD was from a sub-study of the International Inflammatory Bowel Disease Genetics Consortium (IIBDGC) that comprised 31,665 cases and 33,977 controls of European ancestry. Additionally, separate MR analyses stratified by the two major subtypes of IBD, Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), were performed. Various statistical tests, including the intercept of MR-Egger regression, funnel plots, Cochran’s Q tests, and leave-one-out sensitivity analyses, were employed to assess the presence of heterogeneity and horizontal pleiotropy among single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In the primary analysis using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method, the risk of developing IBD for a patient with TA compared to a non-TA control increased 1.053 times (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.053, P = 0.065). The MR-Egger method (OR = 1.025, P = 0.470) yielded results consistent with this null finding. However, both the weighted median method (OR = 1.038, P = 0.002) and the weighted mode method (OR = 1.051, P = 0.009) identified a significant harmful causal effect. The MR outcomes from separate subgroup analyses slightly diverged from those of IBD and TA. Specifically, for CD, three methods indicated that TA is a risk factor: IVW estimated the OR as 1.045 (P = 0.032), MR-Egger as 0.997 (P = 0.957), weighed median as 1.028 (P = 0.021), and weighted mode as 1.031 (P = 0.022), respectively. This study represents one of the initial investigations into the potential causal association between TA and IBD. With three MR methods, including the primary IVW approach, indicating a notable effect on TA on CD, our analysis findings offer some indication that TA could be a contributing risk factor for CD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalImmunologic Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2024.

Keywords

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Mendelian randomization
  • Takayasu arteritis
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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