Exploring the Relationship Between Youth Information Behavior, Substance Use, and Substance Use Expectancies: A Pilot Study

Sarah Barriage, Hye Jeong Choi, Anne E. Ray, Michael L. Hecht, Kathryn Greene, Shannon D. Glenn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

A substantial body of research has explored the relationship between passive information seeking and youths’ beliefs about and use of substances. To date, however, little work has explored other dimensions of youth information behavior (such as active information seeking, information needs, and information use) and substance use. The aim of this study was to pilot the use of an information behavior scale in order to examine the association between youth information behavior and self-reported substance use, as well as use-related expectancies. Youth 12–17 years of age (N = 446) across eight U. S. states completed self-report measures of their information behavior and their use of and expectancies regarding the following: cigarettes; electronic vapor products; chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus; cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars; alcohol; and marijuana. Regression models were conducted to examine the relationship between information behavior, substance use, and substance use expectancies. Results indicated that information behavior was associated with expectancies for tobacco and vaping products, but not for alcohol or marijuana. There was no significant association between information behavior and actual substance use. Results have implications for the development and implementation of both information behavior measures and substance use prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation for a Better World
Subtitle of host publicationShaping the Global Future - 17th International Conference, iConference 2022, Proceedings
EditorsMalte Smits
Pages106-122
Number of pages17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event17th International Conference on Information for a Better World: Shaping the Global Future, iConference 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Feb 28 2022Mar 4 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13193 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference17th International Conference on Information for a Better World: Shaping the Global Future, iConference 2022
CityVirtual, Online
Period2/28/223/4/22

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements. The community-based randomized controlled trial on which this manuscript is based received funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Drug Abuse (grants R41DA039595 and R42DA039595). Co-authors Michael L. Hecht and Kathryn Greene disclose intellectual property interests in the REAL media curriculum.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Keywords

  • Information behavior
  • Substance use prevention
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science (all)

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