Exposure to fatty acid increases human low density lipoprotein transfer across cultured endothelial monolayers

B. Hennig, D. M. Shasby, A. A. Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Human low density lipoproteins radiolabeled with 125I transfer across confluent monolayers of cultured porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells. The amount transferred was dependent on the low density lipoprotein concentration and was not saturable at concentrations up to 300 μg protein per 0.5 ml medium. Gel filtration showed that more than 90% of the 125I which crossed the endothelial monolayer remained associated with low density lipoproteins, indicating that appreciable amounts of lipoprotein were not degraded during the transfer process. When the endothelial monolayer was exposed for 24 hours to culture media supplemented with 100-300 μM fatty acid complexed with 100 μM albumin, the amount of low density lipoprotein subsequently transferred increased by 65% to 150%. The extent of the increase was dependent on the type of fatty acid added and its concentration. At 200 μM, albumin-bound oleic and linoleic acids increased low density lipoprotein transfer, whereas palmitic, linolenic, arachidonic, and eicosapentaenoic acids did not. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that exposure of the endothelium to elevated concentrations of fatty acid may allow excessive amounts of cholesterol-rich lipoproteins to enter the arterial intima.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)776-780
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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