Dolichol kinase (DK) catalyzes the CTP-mediated phosphorylation of dolichol in eukaryotic cells, the terminal step in dolichyl monophosphate (Dol-P) biosynthesis de novo. In S. cerevisiae, the SEC59 gene encodes a protein essential for the expression of DK, an enzyme activity that is required for cell viability and normal rates of lipid intermediate synthesis and protein N-glycosylation. This study identifies a cDNA clone from human brain that encodes the mammalian homolog of DK (hDK1p). hDK1 is capable of complementing the growth defect, elevating DK activity, and consequently increasing Dol-P levels in vivo and restoring normal N-glycosylation of carboxypeptidase Y at the restrictive temperature in the temperature-sensitive mutant sec59-1. The CTP-mediated phosphorylation of diacylglycerol (DAG) is unaffected by either the temperature-sensitive mutation in the sec59-1 strain, overexpression of the SEC59 gene, or the mammalian homolog hDK1 under conditions that produced a loss or elevation in the level of DK activity. Additionally, overexpression of hDK1p in Sf-9 cells resulted in a 15-fold increase in DK activity but not DAG kinase activity in crude microsomal fractions. The cloned cDNA contains an open reading frame that would encode a protein with 538 amino acids and a molecular weight of 59,268 kDa. Consistent with this prediction, new polypeptides were detected with an apparent molecular weight of 59-60 kDa when His6-tagged constructs of hDK1 or the SEC59 gene were expressed in Sf-9 cells or the temperature-sensitive sec59-1 mutant cells, respectively. These results identify the first cDNA clone encoding a protein required for the expression of DK activity, possibly the catalytic subunit, in a mammalian cell, and establish that the phosphorylation of dolichol and DAG are catalyzed by separate kinase activities in yeast.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2002|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Dr. Nobumi Kusuhara (Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan) for providing the cDNA designated KIAA1094 and Dr. J.S. Rush for editing the manuscript. This work was supported by NIH grant GM36035 awarded to C.J.W. and grant 31-57082.99 from the Swiss National Science foundation awarded to M.A. F.F. was supported by EU grant QLG1-CT2000-00047 and grant 31-57.082.99 from the Swiss National Science Foundation.
- Cytosine triphosphate
- DNA cloning
- Dolichol kinase
- Endoplasmic reticulum
ASJC Scopus subject areas