Background: Abnormalities in the extracellular matrix (ECM) can occur in heart failure. In this study we analyzed ECM gene expression in patients with advanced dilated cardiomyopathy who did and did not develop sustained myocardial recovery after left ventricular asst device (LVAD) unloading combined with pharmacologic therapy. Methods: Myocardial gene expression of collagens (COL1A1 and COL3A1), fibronectin (FN), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs 1 to 14), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs 1 to 4), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and THY1 was measured by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at LVAD implantation and again at explantation (recovery, n = 11) or transplantation (non-recovery, n = 5). Results: The non-recovery group had higher levels of pro-fibrotic markers (COL1A1, TGF-β1 and THY1) at implantation compared with the recovery group (1.82 ± 0.74-, 1.81 ± 0.69- and 3.01 ± 1.70-fold, respectively; p ≤ 0.05). Both recovery and non-recovery groups showed no significant difference in gene expression after treatment, but levels of pro-fibrotic genes (COL1A1, COL3A1, FN and THY1) correlated negatively with post-explant ejection fraction in the recovery group. Of all genes analyzed only TIMP4 showed a significant change, with expression reduced during recovery (0.55 ± 0.25-fold at explant vs implant, p = 0.001). All other genes showed complex patterns between individuals with both increased and decreased expression of pro-fibrotic markers, MMPs and TIMPs in recovery patients. Conclusions: Patients who did not recover had higher myocardial expression of pro-fibrotic genes at LVAD implantation, and in recovered patients higher levels at explant were negatively associated with subsequent ejection fraction. However, individual patients showed complex expression patterns and a decrease in pro-fibrotic markers was not required for recovery.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation|
|State||Published - Feb 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine