Expression of lipoprotein lipase in rat muscle: Regulation by feeding and hypothyroidism

J. M. Ong, R. B. Simsolo, M. Saghizadeh, A. Pauer, P. A. Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in lipid metabolism and is found predominantly in adipose tissue and muscle. We examined the mechanism of regulation of LPL in muscles composed of different fiber types (soleus, extensor digitorum longus, and heart) in fed, fasted, and hypothyroid rats. In all muscles, the detergent-extractable (EXT) fraction represented approximately 95% of total LPL activity and mass. LPL activity was similar in the heparin-releasable (HR) fractions of heart and soleus (predominantly type I fibers), while in the EXT fraction LPL activity in soleus was 418 ± 48 nEq/min per g, and in heart was 272 ± 30 nEq/min per g (P < 0.05). However, LPL activity in extensor digitorum longus (EDL, predominantly type II fibers) was considerably lower (7.9 ± 0.8 nEq/min per g in EXT, P < 0.0001 versus heart and soleus). LPL immunoreactive mass followed a pattern similar to LPL activity. LPL mRNA levels were quantitated by both Northern blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and were approximately equal in heart and soleus, and 5-fold lower in EDL. In response to feeding, LPL activity, mass, and mRNA levels in heart were 30% to 50% lower than in fasted rat heart, although feeding had no effect on soleus or EDL. In hypothyroid animals, muscle LPL activity was increased by 3- to 4- fold in the HR (but not EXT) fractions of heart and soleus (P < 0.05), with no change in LPL mass or mRNA. Thus, muscles with oxidative, type I fibers expressed higher levels of LPL mRNA than muscles containing glycolytic, type II fibers. Feeding affected heart LPL with no effect on soleus or EDL. Soleus and heart from hypothyroid rats demonstrated increased HR LPL, with no change in LPL mass or mRNA, suggesting posttranslational regulation by thyroid hormone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1551
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume35
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • messenger RNA
  • muscle fibers
  • posttranslational processing
  • reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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