While facial nerve injuries associated with both extraoral and intraoral orthognathic surgery are rare, the results of such an injury can be devastating to the patient. A review of the literature shows that the majority of such injuries fall into the first-, second-, and third-degree injury categories. Prevention cannot be stressed enough; however, early recognition of an injury with prompt electrodiagnostic testing can assist with determining prognosis and treatment planning. When close observation is indicated, a variety of medical therapies have been suggested. For more severe injuries, nerve repair and facial reanimation have been reported.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery