Facile modification of hydrochar derived from cotton straw with excellent sorption performance for antibiotics: Coupling DFT simulations with experiments

Long Cheng, Yuanhui Ji, Qing Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the sorption of tetracycline (TC) and norfloxacin (NOR) by modified cotton straw hydrochars (CSHC), which would enable the agricultural waste to be processed and recycled. Three kinds of hydrochars were prepared by H2SO4, KOH and KMnO4 modification, showed obvious differences in structures and surface functional groups. The sorption processes contain film diffusion, intraparticle diffusion, and equilibrium. The interaction mechanism between hydrochar and antibiotics include π-π stacking, hydrogen bond, and electrostatic interaction. KMnO4-modified hydrochar had the largest sorption capacity for TC (58.09 mg/g), while H2SO4-modified hydrochar had the largest sorption capacity for NOR (49.64 mg/g). Density functional calculations (DFT) results confirmed that the sorption capacity between hydrochar (HC) and TC was larger than that between HC and NOR. During the sorption process, the TC and NOR were regarded as electron acceptor and electron donor. Generally, CSHC-KMnO4 and CSHC-H2SO4 may be simply prepared and have the potential to eliminate antibiotics from water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144124
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume760
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Cotton straw
  • Hydrochar
  • Norfloxacin
  • Sorption
  • Tetracycline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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