This study aimed to investigate the sorption of tetracycline (TC) and norfloxacin (NOR) by modified cotton straw hydrochars (CSHC), which would enable the agricultural waste to be processed and recycled. Three kinds of hydrochars were prepared by H2SO4, KOH and KMnO4 modification, showed obvious differences in structures and surface functional groups. The sorption processes contain film diffusion, intraparticle diffusion, and equilibrium. The interaction mechanism between hydrochar and antibiotics include π-π stacking, hydrogen bond, and electrostatic interaction. KMnO4-modified hydrochar had the largest sorption capacity for TC (58.09 mg/g), while H2SO4-modified hydrochar had the largest sorption capacity for NOR (49.64 mg/g). Density functional calculations (DFT) results confirmed that the sorption capacity between hydrochar (HC) and TC was larger than that between HC and NOR. During the sorption process, the TC and NOR were regarded as electron acceptor and electron donor. Generally, CSHC-KMnO4 and CSHC-H2SO4 may be simply prepared and have the potential to eliminate antibiotics from water.
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|State||Published - Mar 15 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Long Cheng and Dr. Yuanhui Ji gratefully acknowledge the financial support for this research from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.: 21978047 , 21776046 ), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No.: 2242020K40033 ). Dr. Qing Shao thanks the support of start-up fund provided by the University of Kentucky.
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
- Cotton straw
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal