Factors Associated with Burnout in Trauma Nurses

Jacob T. Higgins, Chizimuzo Okoli, Janet Otachi, Jessica Lawrence, Elizabeth D. Bryant, Amanda Lykins, Sarret Seng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background Burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from repeated stressors experienced in the workplace that centers on emotional exhaustion, detachment from the job, and a sense of ineffectiveness. It has been previously demonstrated that burnout exists in the health care workforce, but there has been limited investigation of burnout in nurses who primarily provide care for patients who have been traumatically injured. The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with burnout reported by trauma nurses. Methods This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey distributed at a large, academic Level I trauma center that serves both adult and pediatric patients. For this analysis, only the Burnout subscale of the Professional Quality of Life scale Version 5 (ProQOL) was used. Multivariate hierarchical regression was used to determine factors associated with burnout reported by trauma nurses. Results Protective factors included being female, being married, and better quality of sleep. Risk factors included having a mental health diagnosis and working with adult populations. Conclusions These results provide an important contribution to the burnout risk profile for trauma nurses and may provide insight into future investigations as well as development and testing of tailored interventions to mitigate burnout in trauma nurses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Trauma Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • Burnout
  • Trauma nursing
  • Trauma patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency
  • Critical Care
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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