Factors associated with patient no-show rates in an academic otolaryngology practice

Caitlin E. Fiorillo, Allyson L. Hughes, Chen I-Chen, Philip M. Westgate, Thomas J. Gal, Matthew L. Bush, Brett T. Comer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Factors affecting access to healthcare is an expanding area of research. This study seeks to identify factors associated with no-show rates in an academic otolaryngology practice to improve clinical efficiency and patient access to care. Study Design: Retrospective review. Methods: A retrospective review of scheduled clinical appointments from February 1, 2015 to January 30, 2016 at a single academic otolaryngology department was performed. Statistical analysis was completed to examine the association of no-show rates with the following: otolaryngology subspecialty, clinic location (e.g., main campus vs. satellite), patient demographic factors, attending seniority, temporal factors, insurance types, rurality, and visit type. Results: There was an overall no-show rate of 20% for 22,759 scheduled clinic visits. Satellite clinics had the highest no-show rates at 25% (P <.001). New patient visits had the highest no-show rate at 24% (P <.001). Among subspecialties, facial plastic surgery had the lowest no-show rate (12.6%), whereas Pediatrics had the highest (23%) (P <.001). No significant association between gender and no-show rates was observed (P =.29), but patients over 60 years old had the lowest no-show rate (12.7%, P <.0001). Patients with Medicaid (28%), Medicare (15.3%), and commercial insurance (12.9%) had significantly different overall no-show rates (P <.0001). Conclusions: Increased clinic no-show rates are associated with satellite clinics, new patient visits, younger age, and insurance type. No-show rates varied among subspecialties. Further investigation is warranted to assess barriers to appointment compliance and to develop interventions to improve access to care. Level of Evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 128:626–631, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-631
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume128
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

Keywords

  • No-show
  • academic otolaryngology
  • appointment nonadherence
  • insurance status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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