Factors associated with quality of life in Arab patients with heart failure

Fawwaz Alaloul, Mohannad E. AbuRuz, Debra K. Moser, Lynne A. Hall, Ahmad Al-Sadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of demographic characteristics, medical variables and perceived social support with quality of life (QOL) in Arab patients with heart failure. A cross-sectional study was conducted to identify factors associated with QOL in Arab patients with heart failure. Participants with heart failure (N = 99) were enrolled from a nonprofit hospital and an educational hospital. Data were collected on QOL using the Short Form-36 survey. Perceived social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. The majority of the patients reported significant impairment in QOL as evidenced by subscale scored. Left ventricular ejection fraction was the strongest correlate of most QOL domains. Tangible support was significantly associated with most QOL domains. Other social support dimensions were not significantly related to QOL domains. Most patients with heart failure had significant disrupting pain and limitations in performing activities which interfered with their usual role. Due to the importance of understanding QOL and its determinants within the context of culture, the outcomes of this study may provide valuable guidance to healthcare providers in Arabic countries as well as Western society in caring for these patients. Further studies are needed to explore the relationship between social support and QOL among patients with heart failure in the Arabic culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Nordic College of Caring Science

Keywords

  • Arabs
  • culture
  • heart failure
  • quality of life
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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