Factors associated with workplace violence among healthcare workers in an academic medical center

Janet K. Otachi, Heather Robertson, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: We examined demographic, work-related, and behavioral factors associated with witnessing and/or experiencing workplace violence among healthcare workers. Design and Methods: Utilizing a correlational design, we analyzed the data to determine the associative factors related to workplace violence among the participants. Findings: More than half of the participants (54.5%) reported witnessing (23.8%) or experiencing (30.7%) workplace violence. There were significant differences between health provider groups in witnessing or experiencing workplace violence (Χ2 = 41.9[df12], p < 0.0001). Moreover, the experience of workplace violence differed by practice setting (Χ2 = 65.9[df14], p < 0.0001), with highest rates occurring in psychiatric (45.1%) and emergency (44.1%) services. Practice Implications: Findings may inform research, policies, and practice interventions to assess risks for workplace violence and implement preventative policies within high-risk professional groups and settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2383-2393
Number of pages11
JournalPerspectives in Psychiatric Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors want to acknowledge the staff and department managers at UK Health Care for their support in study execution.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


  • bullying
  • health and safety
  • health policy
  • organizational culture
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health


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