Fair trades impact on smallholders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The impacts of fair trade on smallholders are complex, multilayered, and often contradictory. This chapter details why and how geographic, political-economic, and cultural context shapes fair trade’s impacts. Specifically, it explores the impacts of fair trade within different domains, including income and livelihoods, community development, social organization, environment and sustainability, and gender equity. The chapter ends with an assessment of some of the challenges and opportunities shaping fair trade and smallholder participation in the present and in the years to come. Findings suggest that future research should intentionally explore the ways in which fair trade impacts are shaped by local realities will help us identify the most effective practices and policies for improving smallholder livelihoods, organizational capacity, and overall well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on the Human Impact of Agriculture
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781839101748
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Harvey S. James, Jr. 2021.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Social Sciences


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