Family-Related Factors and HIV-Related Outcomes Among Black Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in Mississippi

Andrew P. Barnett, Larry K. Brown, Richard Crosby, Lacey Craker, Rodney Washington, Paul A. Burns, Leandro A. Mena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Given their disproportionate HIV incidence, there is a critical need to identify factors related to HIV risk among Black young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the southeastern United States. This study investigated the association of family factors and HIV-related outcomes among Black YMSM in Mississippi ages 14–20 (n = 72). Multivariable regression models evaluated associations of family factors and outcomes. Greater parent/child communication about sex was associated with fewer lifetime male sex partners and lower odds of lifetime anal sex. Greater parental monitoring was associated with greater likelihood of future condom use. Sexual orientation disclosure was associated with more lifetime male sex partners. Parental monitoring and parent/child communication about sex were protective, suggesting that family-based interventions are promising for HIV prevention among Black YMSM in Mississippi. Results also indicated that YMSM who are “out” to family are important to reach, and families could be useful in encouraging healthy behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1548-1563
Number of pages16
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Mention of company names or products does not imply endorsement by CDC.

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the NIMH (R34MH113384, MPIs: Brown and Crosby; and T32-MH078788, PI: Brown) and was facilitated by the Providence/Boston Center for AIDS Research (P30AI042853).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Black young men who have sex with men
  • HIV risk behavior
  • Parent child communication about sex
  • Parental monitoring
  • Sexual risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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