Fannie Lou Hamer's Freedom Farms and Black Agrarian Geographies

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41 Scopus citations


This paper examines Fannie Lou Hamer's Freedom Farms, a 1969 farming cooperative in Sunflower County, Mississippi. Specifically, this paper interrogates how Hamer's identity as a Black southern woman influences her formulation and daily activities at Freedom Farms. Theoretically, this paper situates Hamer as an expert agrarian labourer and knowledge producer who exists within a history of Black women who have always been utilised for their agrarian knowledge, but given little credit. Hamer's knowledge is a part of her body. This paper argues that Freedom Farms is a Black radical geography operating at three scales: the body, the farm and the southern agrarian landscape. This paper utilises Hamer's speeches, interviews and other archival documents to understand Hamer's efforts. Hamer's agrarian landscape is wrought with pain, but also the insistence in the economic opportunity that exists for Black people in agrarian spaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-224
Number of pages18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author. Antipode © 2018 Antipode Foundation Ltd.


  • Black geographies
  • Civil Rights
  • Fannie Lou Hamer
  • agriculture
  • farming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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