Since the introduction of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID-19) in late 2019, various new variants have appeared with mutations that confer resistance to the vaccines and monoclonal antibodies that were developed in response to the wild-type virus. As we continue through the pandemic, an accurate and efficient methodology is needed to help predict the effects certain mutations will have on both our currently produced therapeutics and those that are in development. Using published cryo-electron microscopy and X-ray crystallography structures of the spike receptor binding domain region with currently known antibodies, in the present study, we created and cross-validated an intermolecular interaction modeling-based multi-layer perceptron machine learning approach that can accurately predict the mutation-caused shifts in the binding affinity between the spike protein (wild-type or mutant) and various antibodies. This validated artificial intelligence (AI) model was used to predict the binding affinity (Kd) of reported SARS-CoV-2 antibodies with various variants of concern, including the most recently identified "Deltamicron"(or "Deltacron") variant. This AI model may be employed in the future to predict the Kd of developed novel antibody therapeutics to overcome the challenging antibody resistance issue and develop structural bases for the effects of both current and new mutants of the spike protein. In addition, the similar AI strategy and approach based on modeling of the intermolecular interactions may be useful in development of machine learning models predicting binding affinities for other protein-protein binding systems, including other antibodies binding with their antigens.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Physical Chemistry B
|Published - Jul 21 2022
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the funding of the Molecular Modeling and Biopharmaceutical Center at the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy and the National Science Foundation (NSF grant CHE-1111761). The authors also acknowledge the Computer Center at the University of Kentucky for supercomputing time on their Lipscomb Compute Cluster and their NVIDIA V100 nodes.
© 2022 American Chemical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry