Motivation: The advent of single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) enables scientists to characterize the transcriptomic response of cells under different conditions and understand expression heterogeneity at single cell level. One of the fundamental steps in scRNA-seq analysis is to summarize raw sequencing reads into a list of gene counts for each individual cell. However, this step remains to be most time-consuming and resource intensive in the analysis workflow due to the large amount of data produced in a scRNA-seq experiment. It is further complicated by the special handling of cell barcodes and unique molecular identifiers (UMIs) information in the read sequences. For example, the gene count summarization of 10X Chromium sequencing by standard Cell Ranger count often takes many hours to finish when running on a computing cluster. Although several alignment-free algorithms have been developed to improve efficiency, their derived gene count suffer from poor concordance with Cell Ranger count and algorithm-specific bias. Results: In this work, we present a light-weight k-mer based gene count algorithm, FastCount, to support efficient UMI counts from single cell RNA-seq data. We demonstrate that FastCount is over an order of magnitude faster than Cell Ranger count while achieving competitive accuracy on 10X Genomics single cell RNA-seq data. FastCount is a stand-alone program implemented in C++. The source code is located at https://bitbucket.org/merckey/fastcount/.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, and Health Informatics, BCB 2021|
|State||Published - Jan 18 2021|
|Event||12th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, and Health Informatics, BCB 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States|
Duration: Aug 1 2021 → Aug 4 2021
|Name||Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, and Health Informatics, BCB 2021|
|Conference||12th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, and Health Informatics, BCB 2021|
|Period||8/1/21 → 8/4/21|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 ACM.
- single cell RNA-seq
- UMI quantification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Biomedical Engineering
- Health Informatics