Feasibility of Using Facebook for HIV Prevention: Implications for Translational Research among Justice-Involved Women Who Use Drugs in Rural Appalachia

Michele Staton, Megan F. Dickson, Erika Pike, Sean Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Justice-involved women from rural Appalachia face significant barriers to utilization of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions in spite of high rates of injection drug use and risky sexual practices. Adapting evidenced-based practices to incorporate the cultural uniqueness of the target population is needed in order to advance translational and clinical science in this area. This study provides a descriptive overview of indicators of feasibility and acceptability of an adapted version of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Standard HIV prevention intervention for delivery using Facebook through a small randomized controlled pilot study with rural Appalachian women. Method: Study methods include the random selection of rural Appalachian women from two local jails, screening for study eligibility, baseline data collection, random assignment to study interventions, and follow-up in the community three months post release. Results: Results indicate that the feasibility of the approach was supported through study enrollment of the target population who reported regular Facebook use and HIV risk behaviors including drug use and sex. Acceptability of the intervention was demonstrated through enrollment in the study intervention, engagement in the intervention through Facebook, and indictors of HIV/HCV knowledge. Conclusions: Study findings contribute to the critical and unmet need to advance translational science on the delivery of evidence-based prevention interventions in real-world rural Appalachian settings to understudied, vulnerable individuals who are often overlooked in targeted prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Authors. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • HIV prevention
  • intervention
  • justice-involved women
  • rural health
  • social media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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