Fe(II)-dependent, uridine-5′-monophosphate α-ketoglutarate dioxygenases in the synthesis of 5′-modified nucleosides

Zhaoyong Yang, Jason Unrine, Koichi Nonaka, Steven G. Van Lanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Several nucleoside antibiotics from various actinomycetes contain a high-carbon sugar nucleoside that is putatively derived via C-5′- modification of the canonical nucleoside. Two prominent examples are the 5′-C-carbamoyluridine- and 5′-C-glycyluridine-containing nucleosides, both families of which were discovered using screens aimed at finding inhibitors of bacterial translocase I involved in the assembly of the bacterial peptidoglycan cell wall. A shared open reading frame was identified whose gene product is similar to enzymes of the nonheme, Fe(II)-, and α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases. The enzyme LipL from the biosynthetic pathway for A-90289, a 5′-C-glycyluridine-containing nucleoside, was functionally characterized as an UMP:α-ketoglutarate dioxygenase, providing the enzymatic imperative for the generation of a nucleoside-5′-aldehdye that serves as a downstream substrate for an aldol or aldol-type reaction leading to the high-carbon sugar scaffold. The functional assignment of LipL and the homologous enzymes - including bioinformatic analysis, iron detection and quantification, and assay development for biochemical characterization - is presented herein.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Enzymology
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameMethods in Enzymology
ISSN (Print)0076-6879
ISSN (Electronic)1557-7988

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by grants to S. G. V. L. from the American Cancer Society (IRG-85-001-19), Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation, and National Institutes of Health (AI087849).


  • Antibiotic
  • Dioxygenase
  • Iron
  • Nucleoside
  • Phosphate
  • Uridine-5′-monophosphate
  • α-Ketoglutarate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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