FFMPD scales: Comparisons with the FFM, PID-5, and CAT-PD-SF

Cristina Crego, Joshua R. Oltmanns, Thomas A. Widiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness. Their convergent, discriminant, and structural relationship with the FFM was considered, and compared with the structural relationship with the FFM obtained by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Computerized Adaptive Test-Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF). Support for an FFM structure was obtained (albeit with agreeableness defining 1 factor and antagonism a separate factor). Similarities and differences across the FFMPD, PID-5, and CATPD- SF scales were highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-73
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Psychological Association.


  • Five factor model
  • PID-5
  • Personality
  • Personality disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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