Large crabgrass, Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., is a devastating weed species in the cotton (Gossypium spp.) fields in China. It has developed resistance to haloxyfop-P-methyl, an aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicide known for its ability to inhibit lipid synthesis and induce oxidative stress in weeds, due to years of continuous and intensive use. Here, we present the results from a nation-wide, long-term resistance monitoring effort. To understand the scale and level of haloxyfop-P-methyl resistance, a total of 65 D. sanguinalis populations from eight cotton production provinces, including Hunan, Jiangxi, Xinjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hebei, Shanxi, and Anhui, were collected from 2014–2017. Based on results from dose response to haloxyfop-P-methyl, we observed a gradient of sensitivity to haloxyfop-P-methyl among 65 field populations, ranging from sensitive (8), to low-level resistance (40; 2 ≤ RI ≤ 10) to moderate-level resistance (17; 10 < RI < 20). Although no high-level resistance (RI > 20) was found among the 65 populations, populations from Hunan and Hebei exhibited a rapid spread of field-evolved resistance. After challenged with haloxyfop-P-methyl (48.600 g a.i./ha at the 4–5-leaf stage), resistant and susceptible D. sanguinalis responded differently in the activity of an array of resistance-related enzymes, including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase), glutathione S-transferase (GSTs), nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and carboxylesterase (CarE), suggesting the potential involvement of NADPH, CarE and GSTs in D. sanguinalis to haloxyfop-P-methyl resistance.
|State||Published - May 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672043), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2018JJ2165) and the Hunan Provincial Scientific Innovation Foundation for Postgraduates (CX2016B280).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Digitaria sanguinalis
- acetyl-CoA carboxylase
- glutathione S-transferase
- herbicide resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science