First report of anthelmintic resistance of equine cyathostomins in Cuba

J. Salas-Romero, K. A. Gómez-Cabrera, J. E. Salas, R. Vázquez, A. Arenal, M. K. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Anthelmintic resistance in equine cyathostomins has been described worldwide, with resistance to the benzimidazole class being particularly widespread. The status of anthelmintic efficacy in Cuba has been virtually unknown due to the lack of equine labelled products. One recent report documented suboptimal efficacy levels of extra-label albendazole products against cyathostomins, but it remains unknown to which extent benzimidazole resistance exists in the population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anthelmintic efficacy of two benzimidazole products labelled for equines, fenbendazole and oxibendazole. A fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) was carried out on 132 horses aged 4 months to 18 years in 14 herds, belonging to six provinces. Ten herds exhibited signs of resistance to at least one of the benzimidazoles (mean FECRT<90%). Overall, oxibendazole exhibited higher efficacy than fenbendazole (p = 0.0062), and higher efficacy levels were found in horses never dewormed before compared to those treated within 3–12 months prior to the study (p = 0.0015). Pre-treatment larval cultures revealed the presence of large strongyles and cyathostomin larvae in all herds, while only cyathostomin larvae were detected post treatment. The present work is the first report of anthelmintic resistance in equine cyathostomins in Cuba, and suggests pre-selection for resistant strains by extra-label use of albendazole on the studied farms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-223
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.


  • Anthelmintic resistance
  • Cyathostomins
  • Equines
  • Fenbendazole
  • Oxibendazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary


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