Fluorimetric nerve gas sensing based on pyrene imines incorporated into films and sub-micrometer fibers

Jeremy M. Rathfon, Zoha M. Al-Badri, Raja Shunmugam, Scott M. Berry, Santosh Pabba, Robert S. Keynton, Robert W. Cohn, Gregory N. Tew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chemical sensing of nerve gas agents has become an increasingly important goal due to the 1995 terrorist attack in a Tokyo subway as well as national security concerns in regard to world affairs. Chemical detection needs to be sensitive and selective while being facile, portable, and timely. In this paper, a sensing approach using a pyrene imine molecule is presented that is fluorimetric in response. The detection of a chloro-Sarin surrogate is measured at 5 ppmv in less than 1 second and is highly selective towards halogenated organophosphates. The pyrene imine molecule is incorporated into polystyrene films as well as micrometer and sub-micrometer fibers. Using both a direct drawing approach and electrospinning, micrometer and nanofibers can be easily manufactured. Applications for functional sensing micrometer and nanofibers are envisioned for optical devices and photonics in addition to solution and airflow sensing devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-695
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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