Fluoroquinolones (FQs) in the environment: A review on their abundance, sorption and toxicity in soil

Luqman Riaz, Tariq Mahmood, Azeem Khalid, Audil Rashid, Muhammad Bashir Ahmed Siddique, Atif Kamal, Mark S. Coyne

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

199 Scopus citations


The use of fluoroquinolones (FQs) antibiotics as therapeutic agents and growth promoters is increasing worldwide; however their extensive uses are also resulting in antibiotic resistance among world communities. FQs have also become one of the major contaminants in the waste water bodies, which are not even completely removed during the treatment processes. Furthermore, their abundance in agricultural resources, such as the irrigation water, the bio-solids and the livestock manure can also affect the soil micro-environment. These antibiotics in soil tend to interact in several different ways to affect soil flora and fauna. The current review endeavors to highlight the some critical aspects of FQs prevalence in the environment. The review presents a detailed discussion on the pathways and abundance of FQs in soil. The discussion further spans the issue of sorption and FQs transformation into the soil better understand of their behavior and their toxicity to soil flora and fauna.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-720
Number of pages17
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • Fluoroquinolone antibiotics
  • Sorption
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry


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