Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), a molecular target for spinosyns and neonicotinoids, mediate rapid cholinergic transmission in insect central nervous system by binding acetylcholine. Previous studies have shown that mutations in nAChRs contribute to the high level of resistance to these two classes of insecticides. In this study, we identified nine nAChR subunits from a transcriptome of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, including α1-7, β1, and β2. Exon 4 of α4 and exons 3 and 8 of α6 each have two splicing variants, respectively. In addition, altered or incorrect splicing leads to truncated forms of α3, α5, and α6 subunits. The abundance of every nAChRs in both spinosad susceptible and resistant strains was highest in the 1st instar nymph. Significantly more truncated forms of α6 subunit were detected in spinosad resistant strains, whereas, hardly any full-length form was found in the two highly resistant F. occidentalis strains (resistance ratio >104-fold). Under laboratory conditions, spinosad resistance was positively correlated with truncated α6 transcripts. The correlation was later confirmed under the field conditions using five field strains. As the molecular target of spinosad, the percentage of truncated nAChR α6 subunits can be used as a diagnostic tool to detect and quantify spinosad resistance in the field.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Aug 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of China ( 31371965 , 31572037 ), the Science and Technology Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (AAS-ASTIP-IVFCAAS), Beijing Leafy Vegetables Innovation Team of Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System ( blvt-15 ), and Beijing Key laboratory for Pest Control and Sustainable Cultivation of Vegetables .
- Diagnostic marker
- Frankliniella occidentalis
- Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
- Spinosad resistance
- Truncated α6 subunit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Insect Science