Formation and differential repair of covalent DNA adducts generated by treatment of human cells with (±)-anti-dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-ll,12-diol-13, 14-epoxide

Wendy A. Spencer, Jaya Singh, David K. Orren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) is the most potent tumor initiating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon tested to date in rodent tumor models. To investigate how DBP adduct formation and removal might influence carcinogenesis, we have examined the effects of treatment of several nucleotide excision repair (NER)-proficient (NER +) and -deficient (NER -) cell lines with the carcinogenic metabolite (±)-anti-DBP-ll,12-diol-13,14-epoxide (DBPDE). The treatment of NER" cells with (±)-anti-DBPDE for 0.5, 1, or 2 h yielded similar total adduct levels, indicating that adduct formation was essentially complete during a 2 h treatment period with no additional adducts produced after replacement of media. In all cell lines, treatment with (±)-anti-DBPDE generated five major and at least two minor adducts that were chromatographically identical to those formed by direct treatment of 3′-GMP and 3′-AMP with (±)-anri-DBPDE. When adduct levels were assessed in NER - cells, the number of adducts/10 9 nucleotides decreased over time, suggesting that DNA replication was ongoing, so we incorporated a normalization strategy based on DNA synthesis. This strategy indicated that DBPDE-DNA adduct levels in NER" cells are stable over time. After normalization for DNA synthesis in the NER + cells, our data indicated that three adducts showed biphasic repair kinetics. A faster rate of removal was observed during the first 6 h following DBPDE removal followed by a slower rate for up to 34 h. Importantiy, two of the major guanine adducts were particularly refractory to removal in the NER + cells. Our results suggest that the extreme carcinogenicity of DBPDE may result from the ability of a substantial percentage of two structurally distinct DBPDE-DNA adducts to escape repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


Dive into the research topics of 'Formation and differential repair of covalent DNA adducts generated by treatment of human cells with (±)-anti-dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-ll,12-diol-13, 14-epoxide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this