Formation of the donor-acceptor charge-transfer exciton and its contribution to charge photogeneration and recombination in small-molecule bulk heterojunctions

M. J. Kendrick, A. Neunzert, M. M. Payne, B. Purushothaman, B. D. Rose, J. E. Anthony, M. M. Haley, O. Ostroverkhova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the formation of charge-transfer (CT) excitons and their effect on photocurrent dynamics in composites with a fluorinated anthradithiophene (ADT-TES-F) donor (D) and acceptors (A) with (i) various LUMO energy offsets with respect to that of the donor (ΔLUMO) and (ii) several different side groups that modify spatial D/A separation at the D/A interface. Exciplexes and nonemissive CT excitons were formed in composites with ΔLUMO <0.6 and >0.6 eV, respectively. A competition between fast charge carrier photogeneration and CT exciton formation was observed, with outcomes depending on the applied electric field (E) and on the D/A separation. At low E fields, CT formation was dominant, and up to a factor of 2 increase in charge photogeneration efficiency due to CT exciton dissociation was observed in composites with large spatial D/A separation compared with that in pristine D films. At high E fields, fast charge carrier photogeneration was dominant in all composites, and no improvement in charge photogeneration efficiency with respect to that in pristine D films was observed. Dramatic changes in charge recombination dynamics were observed depending on the spatial D/A separation. These contributed to a factor of 5-10 improvement in continuous-wave photocurrents in composites with large spatial D/A separation as compared with those in pristine D films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18108-18116
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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