The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that sodium selenite (ISe), SEL-PLEX (OSe), vs. an 1:1 blend (MIX) of ISe and OSe in a basal vitamin-mineral (VM) mix would differentially affect metabolic parameters and performance of growing steers grazing toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue mixed forage (E+) pasture. Predominately-Angus steers (BW = 183 ± 34 kg) were randomly selected from herds of fall-calving cows grazing E+ pasture and consuming VM mixes that contained 35 ppm Se as ISe, OSe, and MIX forms. Steers were weaned, depleted of Se for 98 d, and subjected to summer-long common grazing of an E+ pasture (0.51 ppm total ergovaline per ergovalinine; 10.1 ha). Steers were assigned (n = 8 per treatment) to the same Se-form treatments upon which they were raised. Selenium treatments were administered by daily top-dressing 85 g of VM mix onto 0.23 kg soyhulls, using in-pasture Calan gates. The PROC MIXED procedure of SAS was used to assess effect of Se-form treatments on whole blood Se (ng/mL) and serum prolactin (ng/mL) at day 0, 22, 43, 64, and 86, and caudal arterial area (mm2) at day −7, 43, and 86. The effect of Se treatment on ADG (day 86), and liver glutamine synthetase (GS) mRNA, protein, and activity (nmol/mg wet tissue/min) were assessed using the PROC GLM procedure of SAS. Fisher’s protected LSD procedure was used to separate treatment means. Whole blood Se increased (P < 0.01) for all treatments from day 0 to 22 and then did not change (P ≥ 0.17), and was greater (P ≤ 0.04) for MIX and OSe steers. Serum prolactin decreased (P < 0.01) over time and was greater (P < 0.05) for MIX and OSe steers. Liver GS mRNA content was 66% and 59% greater (P < 0.05) in MIX and OSe steers, respectively, than ISe steers. Liver GS protein content in MIX steers was 94% more (P < 0.01) than ISe steers. Moreover, MIX and OSe steers had 99% and 55% more (P ≤ 0.01) liver GS activity, respectively, than ISe steers. ADG was not affected (P = 0.36) by Se treatments. We conclude that consumption of 3 mg Se/d as OSe or MIX forms of Se in VM mixes increased 1) whole blood Se content, an indicator of greater whole-body Se assimilation; 2) serum prolactin, the reduction of which is a hallmark of fescue toxicosis; and 3) hepatic GS activity, indicating greater hepatic assimilation of acinar ammonia. However, 4) these positive effects on metabolic parameters were not accompanied by increased growth performance.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Animal Science|
|State||Published - Feb 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This is publication No. 17-07-115 of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published with the approval of the Director. This work is supported by a United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Cooperative Agreement (JCM) and by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Hatch project No. 1010352.
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
- Fescue toxicosis
- Glutamine synthetase
- Selenium supplementation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology