The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that sodium selenite (ISe), SEL-PLEX (OSe), vs. a 1:1 blend (MIX) of ISe and OSe in a basal vitamin-mineral mix would differentially affect serological and hepatic parameters of growing steers grazing toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue-mixed forage pasture. Predominately Angus steers (BW = 183 ± 34 kg) were randomly selected from herds of fall-calving cows grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue-mixed pasture and consuming vitamin-mineral mixes that contained 35 ppm Se as ISe, OSe, and MIX forms. Steers were weaned, depleted of Se for 98 d, and subjected to summer-long common grazing of an endophyte-infected tall fescue-mixed pasture (0.51 ppm total ergovaline + ergovalinine; 10.1 ha). Steers were assigned (n = 8 per treatment) to the same Se form treatments upon which they were raised. Se treatments were administered by daily top-dressing 85 g of vitamin-mineral mix onto 0.23 kg soyhulls, using in-pasture Calan gates. The PROC MIXED procedure of SAS was used to assess the effect of Se form treatments on serum parameters at day 0, 22, 43, 64, and 86. After slaughter, the effect of Se treatment on hepatic alkaline phosphatase (tissue nonspecific isoform, TNALP) mRNA, protein, and albumin protein content was assessed using the PROC GLM procedure of SAS. Fisher’s protected LSD procedure was used to separate treatment means. Partial correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship among whole blood Se concentration and serum parameters, accounting for the effect of time. Across periods, MIX steers had more (P ≤ 0.04) serum albumin than OSe and ISe steers, respectively. However, the relative hepatic bovine serum albumin protein content was not affected (P = 0.28) by Se treatments. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity was greater (P ≤ 0.01) in MIX and OSe steers. Similarly, hepatic TNALP protein content in MIX steers was greater (P = 0.01) than ISe steers. Partial correlation analysis revealed that serum albumin, blood urea nitrogen, and alkaline phosphatase activity were correlated (r ≥ 0.23, P ≤ 0.02) with whole blood Se concentration. In summary, consumption of 3 mg Se/d as OSe or MIX forms of Se in vitamin-mineral mixes increased serum albumin concentration and alkaline phosphatase activity, the reduction of which is associated with fescue toxicosis. We conclude that the organic forms of Se ameliorated the depression of 2 of known serological biomarkers of fescue toxicosis.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Animal Science|
|State||Published - May 30 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by a United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Cooperative Agreement (J.C.M.) and by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Hatch Project No. 1010352.
© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
- Alkaline phosphatase
- Fescue toxicosis
- Selenium supplementation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology