Fracture resistance of all-ceramic crowns based on different preparation designs for restoring endodontically treated molars

Aaron Krance, Nicholas DuVall, John Brewster, Howard Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To evaluate endodontically treated molar fracture resistance restored with CAD/CAM lithium disilicate (LDS) crowns with different amalgam core preparation design. Materials and Methods: Eighty-four recently extracted mandibular third molars were divided into seven groups (n = 12) and embedded in autopolymerizing resin. Coronal tooth structure was removed, pulp chamber exposed, and pulpal remnants removed. One group received LDS endocrowns, while three groups received amalgam cores with 2, 1, and 0 dentin axial wall heights (AWH). Three additional groups were likewise restored using an amalgam adhesive. Scanned preparations were restored with LDS crowns luted with a self-adhesive luting cement. After 24 hours, specimens were loaded to failure with results analyzed with Welch's Test/REGW Range Test at a 95% level of confidence (α = 0.05). Results: The 1 mm-AWH amalgam core group had the highest failure load and was similar to the 2 mm-AWH amalgam, 2 mm-AWH bonded amalgam, and the 1 mm-AWH bonded amalgam core groups. The endocrowns had lower failure load than the 1 mm and 2 mm AWH amalgam groups but was similar to other groups. Conclusions: Adhesively luted LDS crowns with amalgam core preparations overall displayed similar failure load, as endocrown restorations. However, crowns based on amalgam cores demonstrated favorable failure modes. Clinical Significance: The results of this in vitro test suggests that when suitable tooth structure and sufficient interact restorative space exists, endodontically treated molars restored with lithium disilicate complete crowns based on preparations with amalgam core foundations containing 1 mm and 2 mm of dentin axial wall height could serve as a suitable restorative option that may provide more recoverable failure modes than endocrown restorations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Published 2018. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.


  • Endocrown
  • amalgam core
  • fracture resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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