From wind to the electric grid: Comprehensive modeling of wind turbine systems

Bora Novakovic, Yao Duan, Mark G. Solveson, Adel Nasiri, Dan M. Ionel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


A detailed model of a full-conversion wind turbine (WT) is presented in this article. The developed model uses cosimulation by several freeware WT simulation tools-such as the turbulent wind simulator (TurbSim) and Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence (FA ST), both from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)-and commercial software to perform a detailed analysis of all WT components. An optimal level of model complexity is achieved to allow the design, analysis, and simulation of the controls and subsystem interactions within a turbine under various conditions. The article introduces a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control for a variable-speed WT with stall power regulation and analyzes its influence on flexible blades and the drivetrain. The proposed simulation tools and the developed model reveal some stability issues and subsystem interaction complexities that are not visible in simpler models. In this article, modeling results are presented that detail the performance of the WT system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7508486
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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