Functional assessment and rehabilitation of shoulder proprioception for glenohumeral instability

P. A. Borsa, S. M. Lephart, M. S. Kocher, S. P. Lephart

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Following injury to the articular ligaments, disruption of mechanoreceptors results in partial deafferentation of the joint. This has been shown to inhibit normal neuromuscular joint stabilization, and it contributes to repetitive injuries and the progressive decline of the joint. Assessment of proprioception is valuable in identification of proprioceptive deficits and subsequent planning of the rehabilitation program. A shoulder rehabilitation program must address both the mechanical and sensory functions of articular structures by incorporating a proprioceptive training element within the normal protocol. The objective of proprioception rehabilitation is to enhance cognitive appreciation of the respective joint relative to position and movement, and to enhance muscular stabilization of the joint in the absence of structural restraints. If these objectives are properly addressed, the restoration of the proprioceptive mechanism will prevent further disability of the shoulder

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-104
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Sport Rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Functional assessment and rehabilitation of shoulder proprioception for glenohumeral instability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this