Functionalized anodic aluminum oxide membrane-electrode system for enzyme immobilization

Zhiqiang Chen, Jianjun Zhang, Shanteri Singh, Pauline Peltier-Pain, Jon S. Thorson, Bruce J. Hinds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


A nanoporous membrane system with directed flow carrying reagents to sequentially attached enzymes to mimic natures enzyme complex system was demonstrated. Genetically modified glycosylation enzyme, OleD Loki variant, was immobilized onto nanometer-scale electrodes at the pore entrances/exits of anodic aluminum oxide membranes through His6-tag affinity binding. The enzyme activity was assessed in two reactions-a one-step "reverse" sugar nucleotide formation reaction (UDP-Glc) and a two-step sequential sugar nucleotide formation and sugar nucleotide-based glycosylation reaction. For the one-step reaction, enzyme specific activity of 6-20 min-1 on membrane supports was seen to be comparable to solution enzyme specific activity of 10 min-1. UDP-Glc production efficiencies as high as 98% were observed at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min, at which the substrate residence time over the electrode length down pore entrances was matched to the enzyme activity rate. This flow geometry also prevented an unwanted secondary product hydrolysis reaction, as observed in the test homogeneous solution. Enzyme utilization increased by a factor of 280 compared to test homogeneous conditions due to the continuous flow of fresh substrate over the enzyme. To mimic enzyme complex systems, a two-step sequential reaction using OleD Loki enzyme was performed at membrane pore entrances then exits. After UDP-Glc formation at the entrance electrode, aglycon 4-methylumbelliferone was supplied at the exit face of the reactor, affording overall 80% glycosylation efficiency. The membrane platform showed the ability to be regenerated with purified enzyme as well as directly from expression crude, thus demonstrating a single-step immobilization and purification process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8104-8112
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 26 2014


  • biomimetic enzyme immobilization
  • enzyme purification
  • glycosylation
  • glycosyltransferase
  • membrane-electrode
  • sequential reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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