The role of α/β-SNAP (Soluble NSF Attachment Protein) in vesicular trafficking is well established; however, the function of the ubiquitously expressed γ-SNAP remains unclear. To further characterize the cellular role of this enigmatic protein, a two-hybrid screen was used to identify new, γ-SNAP-binding proteins and to uncover potentially novel functions for γ-SNAP. One such SNAP-binding protein, termed Gaf-1 (γ-SNAP associate factor-1) specifically binds γ- but not α-SNAP. The full-length Gaf-1 (75 kDa) is ubiquitously expressed and is found stoichiometrically associated with γ-SNAP in cellular extracts. This binding is distinct from other SNAP interactions since no α-SNAP or NSF coprecipitated with Gaf-1. Subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence analysis show that Gaf-1 is peripherally associated with the outer mitochondrial membrane. Only a fraction of γ-SNAP was mitochondrial with the balance being either cytosolic or associated with other membrane fractions. GFP-γ-SNAP and the C-terminal domain of Gaf-1 both show a reticular distribution in HEK-293 cells. This reticular structure colocalizes with Gaf-1 and mitochondria as well as with microtubules but not with other cytoskeletal elements. These data identify a class of γ-SNAP interactions that is distinct from other members of the SNAP family and point to a potential role for γ-SNAP in mitochondrial dynamics.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Apr 20 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology