Gender, Institutional Inequality, and Institutional Diversity in Archaeology Articles in Major Journals and Sapiens

Scott R. Hutson, James Johnson, Sophia Price, Dorian Record, Marcus Rodriguez, Taylor Snow, Tera Stocking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Studies in the sociopolitics of archaeology have shown patterns of inequality in publishing. Because this inequality affects the richness of perspectives on the past, the extent of unevenness requires continual documentation. This article explores gendered and institutionally based patterns of authorship in prominent archaeology journals, archaeology papers in general science journals, and Sapiens, a public-facing web magazine, from 2016 to 2021. We find that the representation of women is similar across these two types of journals, for authors both in the United States and abroad. Men still publish significantly more than women though the gap is narrowing due to the publication activity of recent PhDs. Using a large database of PhDs as a baseline for comparison, we find that women publish less in these venues than expected, resulting in an imbalance. Some archaeology programs have a larger presence in journal publishing than others, but this imbalance is not as pervasive as what has been observed in hiring practices. Archaeology journals exhibit healthier measures of diversity, compared to Science, in terms of the institutional affiliation of authors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-343
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican Antiquity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 19 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Society for American Archaeology.


  • archaeological sociopolitics
  • gender
  • inequality
  • institutional prestige
  • journal publishing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Archaeology
  • Museology


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