Gender-responsive practice and pregnant girls: A scoping review of America's girls courts

Aubrey Jones, Dorothy Wallis, Ashlie Seibers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was first established in 1974; however, it was not until its reauthorization in 1992 that juvenile justice programs were required to incorporate gender specific programming. No specific instructions were given on how to incorporate this programming into juvenile justice programs. One-way juvenile justice programs have chosen to incorporate more gender responsive programming is through the implementation of Girls’ Courts. These courts are designed to provide comprehensive programming to address girls’ differing life experiences, traumas, as well as their psychological, developmental, and social needs. This scoping review identifies Girls Court's currently practicing in the U.S. and identifies any available information about their programming, including what is available to pregnant and parenting girls, and outcomes. There are currently eight operating Girls’ Courts throughout the U.S. Of those eight courts, only three mention specific services offered to pregnant and parenting girls, and only four have reports of program outcomes. Future research should further examine outcomes and efficacy of these programs, as well as ways to incorporate more comprehensive pregnancy and parenting programs for justice involved girls.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105426
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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